Sparta did not encourage trade. Sparta didn’t have enough Athens was near the sea which was good because it meant they had a good harbor, and that they could trade easily. For most of its history, ancient Egypt's economy operated on a barter system without cash. to the economic system of ancient Greek cities include transactions in the commodity market, works and services for profit and meet the needs of residents of policyholders.Economic activity in Athens as Sparta, was mainly focused on agriculture.A little later, it … Bronze coins. The Athenian economy was based on trade. The economy had four vital features, natural resources, economic objectives, distribution of land and the roles of the Perioikoi and the Helots. Trade was conducted through the port of Gytheum (46km outside the city) where the Periokoi exported wool, wine, oil, pottery and bronzes. Print Ancient Sparta: Economy & Trade Worksheet 1. Olives and grapes. Gold coins. The land that surrounded Athens didn’t provide the people with enough food. Large iron bars. It was not until the Persian Invasion of 525 BCE that a cash economy was instituted in the country. The hierarchy of Spartan society is rather dominated by the helots and periokoi, despite being on the bottom and fringes of the social ladder and, thus, have a rather influential impact on the economy. Athenian Economy An important part of life in any community is its economy. They traded with other city-states, and some foreign lands. Economy has a strong influence on the slave class (helots). 2. An economy is the way a community or region organizes the manufacture and exchange of money, food, products, and services. Legend says that an ancient Spartan leader used iron as money as it would be difficult to steal. The Ancient World TOPIC: Athens v. Sparta CHAPTER: 27 (pages 259-269) Purpose of Reading: To become familiar with the differences between Athens and Sparta in the area of economy 27.8 Spartan Economy While the Athenian economy depended on trade, Sparta’s economy relied on farming and on conquering other people. What did the Spartans use as their main form of currency? In order to survive the Spartans had to take control of the neighboring city-states for the rich and fertilized soil. The land around Athens did not provide enough food for the entire city’s people. Sparta was scared that contact with other city-states would lead to new ideas and weaken it's government. Trade began in the Predynastic Period in Egypt (c. 6000 - c. 3150 BCE) and continued through Roman Egypt (30 BCE-646 CE). Unlike Athens who depended on trade, Sparta’s economy depended on farming and taking control of the neighboring city-states. According to the economy means the rules of the household.Now if we go way back to the ancient Greek jobs during the Stone Age, the Greeks were mostly sailors who would sail all through the Mediterranean Sea, just like the rest of the sailors of their time, say for example the Vikings and so on. As one begins to discern by examining these patterns, then, farming, manufacture, and trade were all critical components of the ancient Greek economies in Athens and Sparta; however, there are two important caveats that must be offered to understand these in context. Sparta did not have any coins. It was a small but successful port, and without the Perioikoi's contributions and transactions Sparta would not have been able to survive financially. According to the Ancient Greek Economy did mean the same thing as it does to us. But Athens was near the Sparta’s environment couldn’t take care of all of it citizens. 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