Fruit bats of the Pteropodidae Family, Pteropus genus are natural host of the virus. Other examples include swine flu, bird flu Nipah virus is highly infectious The Nipah virus is a member of the genus Henipavirus in the family Paramyxoviridae The virus is an RNA (ribonucleic acid) virus and … According to a report in The Spectator, the fact that bats are mammals, like humans, is one of the major reasons for the spread of these deadly viruses. – Outbreak Frequency: Although Nipah virus has caused only a few known outbreaks in Asia, it infects a wide range of animals and causes severe disease and death in people, making it a public health concern. Your email address will not be published. https://ncdc.gov.in/showlink.php?id=302 Those who have died were mainly from the districts of Kozhikode and Malappuram, including a 31-year-old nurse, who was treating patients infected with the virus. Yara Virus Brazil. This model is suitable for use in broadcast, high-res film close-ups, advertising, scientific visualization, and forensic presentation. Best current affairs & GK article on Nipah Virus In infected people, it causes a range of illnesses from asymptomatic (subclinical) infection to acute respiratory illness and fatal encephalitis. Nipah Virus is an emerging infectious disease that broke out in Malaysia and Singapore in 1998 and 1999. For Prelims: Nipah Virus Infection- causes, spread and symptoms. From then on infections have been detected quite frequently in Bangladesh. Spread typically requires direct contact with an infected source. Nipah Virus क्‍या है निपाह वायरस? In May 2018, an outbreak was reported in the Kozhikode district of Kerala, India. https://www.cdc.gov/vhf/nipah/index.html Chinese food small essay essay in english my last day at school how to write author name in essay short essay on my childhood memories upsc essay writing word limit argumentative essay academic help nipah Essay virus upsc for on my first day at college simple english essay, title for education essay, relationship between iago and othello essay, can you end an essay with a quote? The organism which causes Nipah Virus encephalitis is RNA or Ribonucleic acid virus of family Paramyxoviridae, genus Henipavirus, and is closely related to Hendra virus. RNA viruses are the most common cause of emerging diseases in humans, attributable to the high mutation rate in RNA viruses compared to DNA viruses. Transmission: The virus is transmitted to people from wild animals and spreads in the human population through human-to-human transmission. Context: The recent spread and transmission of Nipah virus in the southern state of Kerala What is Nipah virus? The Ebola virus is transmitted to people from wild animals and spreads in the human population through human-to-human transmission.The Ebola virus causes an acute, serious illness which is often fatal if untreated. क्या हैं लक्षण और बचाव के तरीके? 1. The 2018 outbreak was confined to two districts of Kerala, Kozhikode and Malappuram. All About Nipah Virus Infection (NVI) UPSC prelims focus Topic Discussion In 2004, humans were affected after eating the date palm contaminated by infected fruit bats. The first 2 recorded NiV outbreaks reported in India, in 2001 and 2007 , occurred in West Bengal. b. Nipah Virus pdf – Nipah Virus History,Symptoms,Treatment,Prevention-The National Centre for Disease Control has issued high alert across the country after an outbreak of the Nipah virus (NiV) infection in Kerala.The virus has claimed around 10 lives in the southern state over the past two weeks. Nipah Virus has killed more than 9 people in Kerala. It was first identified during outbreak of disease that took place in Kampung Sungai Nipah, Malaysia in 1998. This can be followed by dizziness, drowsiness, altered consciousness, and neurological signs that indicate acute encephalitis. In infected people, it causes a range of illnesses from asymptomatic (subclinical) infection to acute respiratory illness and fatal encephalitis. No new outbreaks have been reported in Malaysia since 1999. The infection is generally transmitted from animals to human beings, mainly from bats and pigs. Infected bats … Nipah virus is a zoonotic virus (it is transmitted from animals to humans) and can also be transmitted through contaminated food or directly between people. His brother had died following a similar illness 12 days earlier. 2000 word essay on following orders childhood memories essay for class 6. Special care should be taken to prevent human-to-human transmission. Nipah Virus is a zoonotic virus- transmitted from animals to humans. About Nipah virus. According to WHO, ribavarin can reduce the symptoms of nausea, vomiting, and convulsions associated with the disease. For more information regarding UPSC 2021, visit the linked article. – Infected people initially develop symptoms including fever, headaches, myalgia, vomiting and sore throat. A youth in Kerala has been found to be infected by the Nipah Virus. On 17 May 2018, a 28-year-old man presented to a private facility in Kozhikode District, Kerala State, India, with encephalitis. Spread typically requires direct contact with an infected source. Transmission: The virus spread fast and is mostly fatal. What are the symptoms of Nipah? g. Common preventive measures for disease Nipah? Nipah. – Economic Effect: The virus can also cause severe disease in animals such as pigs, resulting in significant economic losses for farmers. https://www.thehindu.com/topic/Nipah_Virus/. Nipah virus is a zoonotic virus (it is transmitted from animals to humans) and can also be transmitted through contaminated food or directly between people. Prevention: Care: Nipah Virus is a zoonotic virus- transmitted from animals to humans. Source: It was first recognised in 1998-99 during an outbreak among pig farmers in Malaysia and Singapore. https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Nipah_virus_infection#Diagnosis Ebola virus disease (EVD), formerly known as Ebola haemorrhagic fever, is a severe, often fatal illness in humans. – Symptoms: fever, cough, headache, confusion, shortness of breath. Infected bats … It’s Natural Reserviors: Evaluate the effects of nutrition, inbreeding and hybridization on human biology. Nipah virus infections were first identified in 1999 in Malaysia. It was first recognised in 1998-99 during an outbreak among pig farmers in Malaysia and Singapore. Intensive supportive care is given to humans infected by Nipah virus. Nipah virus (NiV) infection is zoonotic disease that causes severe disease in both animals and humans. The natural host of the virus are fruit bats of the Pteropodidae family and Pteropus genus, widely found in South and South East Asia. The hepatitis C virus is a blood-borne virus. What is Nipah Virus? produce cross-protective antibodies against henipavirus and nipavirus has been used in monkeys to protect against Hendra virus, although its potential for use in humans has not been studied. On June 10, 2018, the outbreak was officially declared to be over. Above Village Hyper Market, Chandralyout Main Road, The average EVD case fatality rate is around 50%. Some people can also experience atypical pneumonia and severe respiratory problems, including acute respiratory distress. Nipah virus infection is an emerging zoonotic disease of public health importance in the WHO South East Asia region with a high case fatality rate estimated to range between 40 and 75 per cent. Vor 34 Minuten. Question: In-Detail:-Since a 23-year old student was identified with the symptoms of Nipah# Virus,#Kerala is under high alert to arrest the spread of the virus. As of 17 July 2018, a total of 19 Nipah virus (NiV) cases, including 17 deaths, were reported from Kerala State: 18 of the cases were laboratory-confirmed and the deceased index case was suspected to have NiV but could not be tested. Fruit bats of the Pteropodidae Family, Pteropus genus are natural host of the virus. Common carriers … Evaluate the significance of bio-social approach in analyzing human nature. Nipah Virus || निपाह वायरस || Useful in SSC || Railways || Banking || PCS || UPSC Current Affairs Topic . The 2018 outbreak was confined to two districts of Kerala, Kozhikode and Malappuram. Late onset of Encephalitis can also occur. Hepatitis C is a major cause of liver cancer. – Nipah virus is one of the pathogens in the WHO R&D Blueprint list of epidemic threats needing urgent R&D action. – During the first recognized outbreak in Malaysia, which also affected Singapore, most human infections resulted from direct contact with sick pigs or their contaminated tissues. Immunohistochemistry on tissues collected during autopsy also confirms the disease. e. First place of it’s outbreak? Pigs may also be infected and millions were killed in 1999 to stop the spread of disease. India: 1B, Second Floor,Pusa Road, Karol Bagh, New Delhi - 110005 (Beside Karol Bagh Metro Station Gate No. Pigs can also act as intermediate hosts. The disease has also been identified periodically in eastern India.Other regions may be at risk for infection, as evidence of the virus has been found in the know… – Culling of infected animals – with close supervision of burial or incineration of carcasses may be necessary to reduce the risk of transmission to people. Nipah R&D https://www.ndtv.com/india-news/goa-health-minister-vishwajit-rane-kerala-goa-following-protocol-to-control-spread-of-nipah-virus-2050904 Ebola virus disease (EVD), formerly known as Ebola haemorrhagic fever, is a severe, often fatal illness in humans. It first appeared in domestic pigs and has been found among several species of domestic animals including dogs, cats, goats, horses and sheep. What are the symptoms of Nipah? Nipah virus (NiV) is a potential threat to global health security. The way the potentially deadly virus hit Kerala without warning and the intensive efforts made by the state health authorities to contain its spread, has lessons for other states May worsen into a coma over a day or two If an outbreak is suspected, the animal premises should be quarantined immediately. – Prevention of Nipah virus infection is important since there is no effective treatment for the disease. The virus, that eventually killed 105 people in Malaysia, was first suspected to be Japanese encephalitis (JE) which, like the Nipah virus, induces brain inflammation. The symptoms of Nipah are similar to that of influenza: fever, muscle pain, and respiratory problems. Nipah Virus (NiV) Infection. b. The 2014 Ebola outbreak in West Africa can also be traced back to bat roosts in caves, trees and buildings. Nipah Virus (NiV) is an emerging infectious disease which can be transferred from humans and animals. Initial Symptoms: It was first identified in Malaysia. The Ebola virus is a member of the RNA virus known as ‘Filoviriade’. Nipah virus is an RNA virus that is part of the Paramyxovidae family that was first identified as a zoonotic pathogen after an outbreak involving severe respiratory illness in pigs and encephalitic disease in humans in Malaysia and Singapore in 1998 and 1999. The virus belongs to a new genus termed Henipavirus (subfamily Paramyxovirinae). The virus can cause both acute and chronic hepatitis, ranging in severity from a mild illness lasting a few weeks to a serious, lifelong illness. Best current affairs & GK article on Nipah Virus Nipah is an RNA or Ribonucleic Acid virus. It was first identified in 1998 at Kampung Sungai Nipah village, Malaysia. early warning for veterinary and human public health authorities. – It can both spread between people and from other animals to people. 1 Minuten Lesezeit. Nipah virus (NiV) infection is zoonotic disease (disease transmitted to humans from animals) that causes severe disease in both animals and humans. Nipah Virus (NiV) Infection. Essay On Nipah Virus For Upsc, essay autobiography computer, fallacy essay papers, our staple food essay http://www.searo.who.int/entity/emerging_diseases/links/nipah_virus_faq/en/ This disease is caused by the Nipah virus, which spreads from animals to humans (also called as a zoonotic disease). Vaccine: Seventeen deaths were recorded, including one healthcare worker. c. Nipah is which type of virus? – Fruit bats are the natural reservoirs of Nipah virus. Required fields are marked * Short essay on rubella vaccine my favourite film essay in hindi upsc on for Essay nipah virus service to community essay: examples of counterclaims in an argumentative essay technology in education essay for students. Essay on khelo india scheme in hindi. The virus normally circulates among specific types of fruit bats. As Nipah virus outbreaks have involved pigs and/or fruit bats, establishing an animal health/wildlife surveillance system, using a One Health approach, to detect Nipah cases is essential in providing Restricting or banning the movement of animals from infected farms to other areas can reduce the spread of the disease. Even the Nipah virus, which spread havoc in India in 2018 and killed multiple people, emerged from the fruit bat. The natural host of the virus is fruit bat of the Pteropodidae Family, Pteropus genus. Essay on nipah virus for upsc. d. How is it spread normally? Other examples include swine flu, bird flu Nipah virus is highly infectious The Nipah virus is a member of the genus Henipavirus in the family Paramyxoviridae The virus is an RNA (ribonucleic acid) virus and … – The Nipah virus is a type of RNA virus in the genus Henipavirus. Attiguppe , Bengaluru - 560040, According to WHO, the Nipah virus infection is a newly emerging, OGP Instaclasses Batch 2 - Classroom Program - 2021 (Online), OGP Instaclasses Batch 2 - Classroom Program - 2021 (Offline), OGP InstaClasses- Classroom Program - 2021 (Online), OGP InstaClasses - Classroom Program - 2021 (Offline - Bangalore), Integrated Prelims cum Mains (IPM) Program - 2021, Prelims Thematic Test Series (June -2020 to October -2020) for Prelims - 2020 (NEW), D-CORE: Delhi - Core Batch - 2020 (Admissions Closed), OGP Instaclasses Batch 2 – Classroom Program – 2021 (Online), OGP Instaclasses Batch 2 – Classroom Program – 2021 (Offline), OGP InstaClasses- Classroom Program – 2021 (Online), OGP InstaClasses – Classroom Program – 2021 (Offline – Bangalore), Integrated Prelims cum Mains (IPM) Program – 2021, Prelims Thematic Test Series (June -2020 to October -2020) for Prelims – 2020 (NEW), D-CORE: Delhi – Core Batch – 2020 (Admissions Closed). About Nipah virus. Nipah virus infections were first identified in 1999 in Malaysia. It was subsequently identified in humans in 1952 in Uganda and the United Republic of Tanzania. Question: a. No new cases or deaths have been reported since 1 June 2018 … Outbreak Reason in India and Bangladesh: Human-to-human transmission is also possible, and so is transmission from contaminated food. Even the Nipah virus, which spread havoc in India in 2018 and killed multiple people, emerged from the fruit bat. Surveillance systems should be established to detect the virus quickly and to initiate appropriate control measures. Kerala - There have been a few incidents of infection in India earlier, apart from the 2018 outbreak in Kerala. In-Detail:-Since a 23-year old student was identified with the symptoms of Nipah# Virus,#Kerala is under high alert to arrest the spread of the virus. Its name originated from Sungai Nipah, a village in the Malaysian Peninsula where pig farmers became ill with encephalitis. 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